Thursday, June 19, 2008

History: The History Of Juneteenth

Today is was riding to work, and I was listening to the radio (93.9) and they were talking about the History Of Juneteenth, and how it wasn't talked about in schools, and basically something history books (in school) has never mention. Now over the years, I sorta started hearing about this as I got older, but never once did I hear about this in school or any history class that I've ever attended. I personally think this is an important part of history that should be taught, and known about. So tonight I wanna share some of this history, and info that I've found online. Hopefully in doing so I can inform someone who had no idea on what this is about, and how important this is to our African American History.


Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration commemorating the ending of slavery in the United States. Dating back to 1865, it was on June 19th that the Union soldiers, led by Major General Gordon Granger, landed at Galveston, Texas with news that the war had ended and that the enslaved were now free. Note that this was two and a half years after President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation - which had become official January 1, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation had little impact on the Texans due to the minimal number of Union troops to enforce the new Executive order. However, with the surrender of General Lee in April of 1865, and the arrival of General Granger’s regiment, the forces were finally strong enough to influence and overcome the resistance.

Later attempts to explain this two and a half year delay in the receipt of this important news have yielded several versions that have been handed down through the years. Often told is the story of a messenger who was murdered on his way to Texas with the news of freedom. Another, is that the news was deliberately withheld by the enslavers to maintain the labor force on the plantations. And still another, is that federal troops actually waited for the slave owners to reap the benefits of one last cotton harvest before going to Texas to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation. All or none of them could be true. For whatever the reason, conditions in Texas remained status quo well beyond what was statutory.

General Order Number 3

One of General Granger’s first orders of business was to read to the people of Texas, General Order Number 3 which began most significantly with:

"The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and free laborer."

The reactions to this profound news ranged from pure shock to immediate jubilation. While many lingered to learn of this new employer to employee relationship, many left before these offers were completely off the lips of their former 'masters' - attesting to the varying conditions on the plantations and the realization of freedom. Even with nowhere to go, many felt that leaving the plantation would be their first grasp of freedom. North was a logical destination and for many it represented true freedom, while the desire to reach family members in neighboring states drove the some into Louisiana, Arkansas and Oklahoma. Settling into these new areas as free men and women brought on new realities and the challenges of establishing a heretofore non-existent status for black people in America. Recounting the memories of that great day in June of 1865 and its festivities would serve as motivation as well as a release from the growing pressures encountered in their new territory. The celebration of June 19th was coined "Juneteenth" and grew with more participation from descendants. The Juneteenth celebration was a time for reassuring each other, for praying and for gathering remaining family members. Juneteenth continued to be highly revered in Texas decades later, with many former slaves and descendants making an annual pilgrimage back to Galveston on this date.

For more info, check out


[jei.lamar] said...

I'm sooooo glad you posted this because A LOT of our people, older people at that, don't know the reason they have the juneteenth celebration & that kind of makes me sad because they think that's just a day to go out to the park & BBQ so MAJOR kudos for this post MAJOR!

slimm215 said...

yeah good post because i've heard the term but never looked it up to find out what it meant. Wow this page has EVERYTHING. can even come here for history lessons. who would have thought? lol

deonte' k said...

[jei.lamar]: Ur right buddy, ur so right. And thanks!

slimm215: LMAO... boy u had me dying laughing @ work when I 1st read this. That's right slimm you even get HISTORY LESSONS over here sir lol.

deejuana83 said...

Thanks for the knowledge cuzo..

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